There are many symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, and there is no cure for the disease. The disease begins in the brain’s memory region, years before the first symptoms are noticed. It causes loss of neurons and shrinks the brain significantly by its late stage. Amyloid plaques are composed of beta-amyloid, a protein fragment, and other cellular debris. While beta-amyloid clusters are toxic to neurons, they also appear to disrupt cell-to-cell communication.
The prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease varies greatly between different populations, but the disease affects roughly 4 people per 1,000 people in the 65-to-74 age group, 32 percent in the 75-to-84 age group, and 76 percent in the 85-and-up population. A family history of Alzheimer’s disease also increases the risk, although not all people with the gene carry it. Genetic changes may also increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, although scientists are not sure of the exact mechanism.
The disease is progressive, with each stage slowly becoming worse. Early stage symptoms may be mild, while later stage symptoms might become apparent and may require help with everyday activities. During this stage, people with Alzheimer’s disease may require around-the-clock care. However, as the disease progresses, the focus becomes palliative care, ensuring a quality death. Alzheimer’s disease has no cure, but it can be treated with medication and other techniques.
Those suffering from early onset Alzheimer disease should maintain a positive attitude and stay mentally active. It’s important to remember that there is no cure for the disease, but healthcare providers have been successful in controlling behavior and maintaining mental function in these patients. Certain medicines can also slow the progression of the disease. These medications may only slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, but they can also help with symptoms for months or even years. And, of course, a proper diagnosis can make the disease more manageable.